Performance of LiCoO2 cathodes, prepared using the Pechini method, in molten carbonate fuel cells
1997 (English)In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 144, no 7, 2296-2301 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Pechini method has successfully been used to fabricate a high-purity, ultrafine, homogeneous LiCoO2 powder. The powder has been used to cast tapes together with a plastic pore former. Sintered tapes show a bimodal pore size distribution comparable to that of state-of-the-art NiO cathodes and a homogeneous distribution of the pores throughout the tape. It is also shown that total porosity can be changed while retaining approximately the same pore size distribution using different sintering temperatures. Cell characterization, in a 3 cm2 lab cell, was performed on three cathodes sintered at 850, 900, and 950Â°C with total porosity ranging from 57 to 69%. It is concluded that (i) the selected chemical powder preparation technique provides pure, stable LiCoO2 with high surface area and high electrical conductivity and (ii) the cathode sintered at 900Â°C possesses a compromise of both phase purity, maximum possible porosity, and particle size, and hence gives a cathode polarization of 88 mV for 160 mA/cm2 at 650Â°C under optimum electrolyte content, which is comparable to state-of-the-art lithiated NiO. However, the voltage loss due to the interface resistance between current collector and electrode is on the order of 100 mV, which leads to a less advantageous total cathode performance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 144, no 7, 2296-2301 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-80624OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-80624DiVA: diva2:496788
Source: Scopus NR 201408052012-02-102012-02-102012-02-10Bibliographically approved