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Economics of Modern and Traditional Bioenergy in African Households: Consumer Choices for Cook Stoves
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
Japanese International Development Agency.
2012 (English)In: Bioenergy for Sustainable Development in Africa / [ed] Janssen, R. and Rutz, D., Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2012, 375-388 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overwhelming majority of African households use traditional biomass in the form of wood fuel or charcoal to meet their daily cooking needs. Modern options such as LPG or ethanol can provide considerable benefits for health and environment. The case of ethanol is interesting as a renewable source with lower GHG emissions and also having the potential to be a locally produced resource. The purchase cost of such stoves is considerably higher while the fuel costs will generally be lower for those households that purchase fuel. Previous research on household adoption of new cook stoves has tended to focus on demographic or socio-economic factors such as education and income in trying to explain consumer choice. Such variables change only slowly and thus generally cannot support rapid introduction of improved stoves. We have developed a discrete choice model aimed at focusing more on the characteristics of the cook stoves themselves and the way in which they are used, which we refer to as “product-specific” attributes. The methodology is outlined here followed by a brief summary of the model applications in three countries: Ethiopia, Mozambique and Tanzania. Our approach could improve the understanding of the underlying economic issues and thereby contribute to better design of cook stove programmes and help stimulate a market transformation towards cleaner and more efficient cook stoves.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2012. 375-388 p.
Keyword [en]
cook stoves, economics, fuel costs, consumer choice, wood fuels, energy access
National Category
Economics Energy Systems
Research subject
SRA - Energy
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-80856DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2181-4_30OAI: diva2:496881

QC 20120213

Available from: 2012-02-10 Created: 2012-02-10 Last updated: 2013-04-18Bibliographically approved

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