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Effect of the vertical structure of a porous bed on hyporheic exchange
Univ Padua, Dept Hydraul Maritime Environm & Geotech Engn, I-35131 Padua, Italy.
Univ Padua, Dept Hydraul Maritime Environm & Geotech Engn, I-35131 Padua, Italy.
Northwestern Univ, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Evanston, IL 60208 USA.
Univ Padua, Dept Hydraul Maritime Environm & Geotech Engn, I-35131 Padua, Italy.
2007 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE CONGRESS: INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR HYDRAULIC RESEARCH, 2007, 274- p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [it]

Hyporheic exchange provides an important control on contaminant fluxes across the stream-subsurface interface. Several experimental studies have identified the dominant processes affecting hyporheic exchange. The surface layer, a few particle diameter thick, is affected by turbulent diffusion from the main flow, while deeper exchange is due to advective flow generated by pressure head variations at the stream/bed interface. This pressure head gradients are the result of the geometrical irregularities of the interface such as bends and bedforms. The structure of sediment beds is in turn a result of sediment transport processes acting at various time scales. Many structures of river beds develop as a vertical granulometric variation. Typical sorting processes like armoring and selective erosion and deposition produce layers having a thickness ranging from a few particle diameters to several meters. A layered bed structure has been constructed in a laboratory flume, both by laying sediments in layers and by allowing armoring to develop from a graded sediment mixture. The bed structure was measured using surface sampling procedures with appropriate area-to-volume conversion methods. Mass exchange between the stream and the bed was measured using tracers in a fully recirculated hydraulic system. Several combinations of armored and layered beds, either with flat beds or bedforms have been used.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. 274- p.
Keyword [en]
TRANSIENT STORAGE MODEL; EXCHANGE; STREAM; TRANSPORT; SEDIMENTS; SOLUTES; MATTER; FORMS; ZONE
National Category
Ocean and River Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-81658OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-81658DiVA: diva2:497732
Conference
XXXII IAHR Congress. Venice, Italy. 1-6 July 2007
Note
QC 20120516Available from: 2012-02-10 Created: 2012-02-10 Last updated: 2012-05-16Bibliographically approved

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