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Near-bed flow field measurements at threshold of sediment motion
Univ Padua, Dept Hydraul Maritime Environm & Geotech Engn, I-35131 Padua, Italy.
Univ Padua, Dept Hydraul Maritime Environm & Geotech Engn, I-35131 Padua, Italy.
Univ Bradford, Sch Engn Design & Technol, Bradford BD7 1DP, W Yorkshire, England.
Univ Padua, Dept Hydraul Maritime Environm & Geotech Engn, I-35131 Padua, Italy.
Abstract [it]

Several experimental tests were carried out using a gravel bed tilting flume and an ad­vanced Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) system. Sediment movement at the threshold was surveyed at the grain scale under uniform flow conditions. A natural river gravel with well sorted sediment was used. Flow field measurements were made over an area of approximately 400 cm2, on a plane located at 5 mm above the original sediment bed. Image processing and cross-correlation techniques were used to obtain flow velocities. Sequences of images of the bed surface were taken simultaneously with the measurements of the flow field. Statistics of the movements of the grains were collected through a semi-automatic procedure. Significant changes in the local flow field were observed in the proximity of the entrained or deposited particles. Such variations of velocity, which can be either in terms of the longitudinal and la­teral components or in terms of the relevant fluctuations from the time average, appear as a direct effect of the removal or deposition of individual grains. A strong correlation is shown between the changes in the streamwise velocity and the movement of the particles: local ve­locity increases were observed to correspond with the entrainment of grains, while local ve­locity reductions occurred as a grain was deposited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. 401- p.
Keyword [en]
particle image velocimetry, incipient motion, turbulence, sediment transport
National Category
Ocean and River Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-81791OAI: diva2:497746
XXXII IAHR Congress, Harmonizing the Demand of Art and Nature in Hydraulics, 1-6 July 2007, Venice, Italy
QC 20120216Available from: 2012-02-16 Created: 2012-02-10 Last updated: 2012-02-16Bibliographically approved

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Bottacin-Busolin, Andrea
Ocean and River Engineering

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