Assessment of jet pilots' upper trapezius load calibrated to maximal voluntary contraction and a standardized load.
1996 (English)In: Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology, ISSN 1050-6411, E-ISSN 1873-5711, Vol. 6, no 1, 67-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Electromyographic (EMG) recording of the myoelectrical activity level in the trapezius muscle is often used as one method of assessing neck and shoulder muscle workload. To analyse how the normalization value influences interpretation of upper trapezius load during a work task, two different reference values for normalization were applied - one obtained during a maximum voluntary contraction (MVE) and the other during a standardized muscular load (RVE). Nine jet pilots (ages 30-48 yr) flew two sorties in a 37 Viggen aircraft using either of two types of head garment while 3-D acceleration and muscular activity were recorded. In each sortie twice in the programme a steep left turn at 5-6 +G(Z) was performed. The highest activity level (MVE) obtained during shoulder elevation combined with an isometric heavy resistance (maximum) against arm flexion/abduction was used as one normalization value. Before, between, and after the two flights, 15 s EMG recordings (RVE) during a dumbbell test in the same arm position were also taken. The muscular activity in the upper trapezius during a given task varied a great deal between individuals, but the reliability of the amplitude levels on different occasions during a work day was good, given the same electrode location and application. If muscular activity during a standardized loading force (e.g. dumbbell test) is used to normalize the recordings for workload assessments related to utilized muscular capacity, a subject with high muscular strength and comparatively low workload might in some situations be assessed as having the same workload as, or a higher load than a subject with less strength and a comparatively high workload. While normalization using a standardized force can be used to assess changes in workload, for assessing workload related to the individual's capacity recording the myoelectrical activity during maximal contraction is preferable.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 6, no 1, 67-72 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-77573PubMedID: 20719664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-77573DiVA: diva2:498439
NR 201408052012-02-122012-02-072012-02-12Bibliographically approved