BACKGROUND: Role of biomarkers in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is paramount, as they aid in diagnosis and gauge prognosis of the disease. In this project, we sought to study the short-term outcome and clinical associates of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in the setting of STEMI at a tertiary center in India.
METHODS: In all, 173 STEMI patients (mean age: 57 ± 12 years, 38 women) had their NT-proBNP assayed in addition to troponins and high-sensitive C-reactive protein. Subjects were divided according to NT-proBNP levels into 2 groups: group 1 (NT-proBNP ≤100 pg/mL) and group 2 (NT-proBNP >100 pg/mL).
RESULTS: NT-proBNP values (pg/mL) were elevated in group 2 (group 1: 61.7 ± 6.2; group 2: 1006.5 ± 990.6, P < 0.0001). Significantly greater number of females had elevated NT-proBNP (P < 0.05) that could be predicted by the duration of chest pain related to STEMI (area under the curve: 0.72), and age at presentation (area under the curve: 0.66). Multiple regression analysis showed a strong inverse association between NT-proBNP and left ventricular ejection fraction and a strong positive association between the peptide and high-sensitive C-reactive protein. A significant positive association was also noted between NT-proBNP and troponin I (all P < 0.05, Global R = 0.47). Diabetes mellitus and/or hypertension, and infarction localization showed no effect on NT-proBNP levels along with death, primary coronary intervention-related bleeding, and arrhythmias, (χ, P = ns).
CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that women are more likely to have increased NT-proBNP while presenting with STEMI. Duration of chest pain and age at presentation are the best predictors of elevated NT-proBNP, though without much bearing on short-term morbidity and mortality.
2011. Vol. 10, no 4, 180-184 p.