A phase-field and electron microscopy study of phase separation in Fe-Cr
2012 (English)In: Materials Science & Engineering: A, ISSN 0921-5093, Vol. 534, 552-556 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Phase separation in the binary Fe-Cr system, the basis for the entire stainless steel family, is considered responsible for the low temperature embrittlement in ferritic, martensitic and duplex stainless steels. These steels are often used in load-bearing applications with considerable service time at elevated temperature. Thus, understanding the effect of microstructure on mechanical properties and predicting dynamics of phase separation are key issues. In the present work, experimental evaluation of structure and mechanical properties in binary Fe-Cr alloys as well as phase-field modeling, using a new thermodynamic description of Fe-Cr, is conducted. A significant hardening evolution with time is found for alloys aged between 400 and 550 degrees C, and it can be attributed to phase separation. The decomposed structure changed with increasing Cr content at 500 degrees C. with a more particle-like structure at 25 wt% Cr and a more spinodal-like structure at 30 wt% Cr. The observed transition of structure agrees with the thermodynamically predicted spinodal, although the transition is expected to be gradual. The phase-field simulations qualitatively agree with experiments. However, to enable accurate quantitative predictions, the diffusional mobilities must be evaluated further and thermal fluctuations as well as 3D diffusion fields must be properly accounted for.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 534, 552-556 p.
Phase transformation, Steel, Electron microscopy, Spinodal decomposition, Hardening, Phase-field modeling
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-85461DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2011.12.007ISI: 000301989600068ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84856520393OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-85461DiVA: diva2:499834
FunderSwedish Research Council, 621-2009-5289
QC 201205032012-02-132012-02-132012-05-03Bibliographically approved