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Advanced Fluid Research On Drag reduction In Turbulence Experiments: AFRODITE
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. (SGCE)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3251-8328
2011 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A hot topic in today's debate on global warming is drag reduction in aeronautics. The most beneficial concept for drag reduction is to maintain the major portion of the airfoil laminar. Estimations show that the potential drag reduction can be as much as 15\%, which would give a significant reduction of NOx and CO emissions in the atmosphere considering that the number of aircraft take offs, only in the EU, is over 19 million per year. In previous tuned wind tunnel measurements it has been shown that roughness elements can be used to sensibly delay transition to turbulence$\footnote{Fransson et al. 2006 {\emph{Phys. Rev. Lett.}} {\bf{96}}, 064501.}$. The result is revolutionary, since the common belief has been that surface roughness causes earlier transition and in turn increases the drag, and is a proof of concept of the passive control method per se. The beauty with a passive control technique is that no external energy has to be added to the flow system in order to perform the control, instead one uses the existing energy in the flow. Within the research programme AFRODITE, funded by ERC, we will take this passive control method to the next level by making it twofold, more persistent and more robust.

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Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-85910OAI: diva2:500182
American Physical Society, 64th Annual meeting of the APS Div. Fluid Dyn., Nov. 20-22, Baltimore, Maryland
QC 20120411Available from: 2012-02-13 Created: 2012-02-13 Last updated: 2012-04-11Bibliographically approved

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