Enhancing the biogas potential from residues and energy crops in Sweden
2010 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
Gas has played a marginal role in the Swedish energy system not only because Sweden lacks fossil gas resources but also due to the lack of specific policies to develop the segment. This contrasts with the present situation in many other European countries where gas grids and markets are well developed. More recently, changing demand patterns in the transport sector and stringent environmental policies have triggered the development of biogas and provided a strong incentive for the development of infrastructure for biomethane in many Swedish towns. On-going initiatives often combine public and private efforts mainly at the municipal level. They build upon new opportunities in the transport sector and, thus, the biogas is upgraded to biomethane to fulfil the standard requirements of vehicle engines. However, biomethane production and infrastructural efforts have not always been in phase with the rapid expansion of the vehicle fleet.Only a small part of the practical production potential for biogas has been realized in Sweden so far. There is considerable potential for further expansion based on agricultural, urban and industrial residues, but also energy crops. However, assessments regarding the potential for energy crops in Sweden are rather divergent. This paper provides a comparison between different Swedish assessments and also European ones and further discusses the practical potential for biogas generation in Sweden. Immediate opportunities for biogas generation are identified. The study results from a collaboration between the division of Energy and Climate Studies at KTH and Fortum Värme.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Energy Systems Bioenergy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-86743OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-86743DiVA: diva2:500990
Energitinget, 16-17 March 2010, Stockholm, Sweden
QC 201204192012-02-132012-02-132015-07-09Bibliographically approved