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Motion analysis of total cervical disc replacements using computed tomography: Preliminary experience with nine patients and a model
Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital Solna and Stockholm Spine Center, Löwenströmska Hospital. (Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Section of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine)
Capio S:t Göran Sjukhuset.
New York University, Department of Radiology. (Nuclear Medicine)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2442-1622
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2011 (English)In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 52, no 10, 1128-1137 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Cervical total disc replacement (CTDR) is an alternative to anterior fusion. Therefore, it is desirable to have an accurate in vivo measurement of prosthetic kinematics and assessment of implant stability relative to the adjacent vertebrae. Purpose: To devise an in vivo CT-based method to analyze the kinematics of cervical total disc replacements (CTDR), specifically of two prosthetic components between two CT scans obtained under different conditions. Material and Methods: Nine patients with CTDR were scanned in flexion and extension of the cervical spine using a clinical CT scanner with a routine low-dose protocol. The flexion and extension CT volume data were spatially registered, and the prosthetic kinematics of two prosthetic components, an upper and a lower, was calculated and expressed in Euler angles and orthogonal linear translations relative to the upper component. For accuracy analysis, a cervical spine model incorporating the same disc replacement as used in the patients was also scanned and processed in the same manner. Results: Analysis of both the model and patients showed good repeatability, i.e. within 2 standard deviations of the mean using the 95% limits of agreement with no overlapping confidence intervals. The accuracy analysis showed that the median error was close to zero. Conclusion: The mobility of the cervical spine after total disc replacement can be effectively measured in vivo using CT. This method requires an appropriate patient positioning and scan parameters to achieve suitable image quality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2011. Vol. 52, no 10, 1128-1137 p.
Keyword [en]
Adults, CT, CT high resolution, prostheses, cervical spine
National Category
Clinical Medicine Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-83801DOI: 10.1258/ar.2011.110230ISI: 000299149300013ScopusID: 2-s2.0-83155193038OAI: diva2:501304

QC 20120214. QC 20160214

Available from: 2012-02-14 Created: 2012-02-13 Last updated: 2016-02-14Bibliographically approved

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