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Fiber-optic metal ion sensor based on thin-core fiber modal interferometer with nanocoating self-assembled via hydrogen bonding
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2011 (English)In: Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical, ISSN 0925-4005, Vol. 160, no 1, 1174-1179 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A new fiber-optic metal ion sensor based on a thin-core fiber modal interferometer (TCFMI) is presented. Poly(4-vinylpyridine) (P4VP) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) are layer-by-layer deposited on the side surface of the TCFMI via hydrogen bonding for the detection of metal ion in aqueous solutions. Ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption spectroscopy is employed to monitor the self-assembly process, and the thickness and morphology of the nanocoating are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). When the sensor is immersed into the aqueous solutions containing metal ions, the refractive index (RI) of the nanocoating is changed because of the association of metal ions with the nanocoating, which was verified by energy dispersive X-ray (EDX). Based on the RI sensing capability of TCFMI, one can detect the concentration of metal ions through the measurement of the dip wavelength of the sensor's transmission spectrum. The experiment results exhibit that the sensor is reusable and with a fast response in a wide metal ion concentration range (10 nM-0.1 M). The limit of detection (LOD) of the sensor is around 9.6 nM experimentally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 160, no 1, 1174-1179 p.
Keyword [en]
Optical fiber sensor, Optical fiber modal interferometer, Metal ion sensor, Self-assembly via hydrogen bonding
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-83795DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2011.09.043ISI: 000298768100161ScopusID: 2-s2.0-81155139648OAI: diva2:501317
QC 20120214Available from: 2012-02-14 Created: 2012-02-13 Last updated: 2013-11-19Bibliographically approved

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He, Sailing
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Electromagnetic Engineering
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