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"Lock-in" phenomenon in coaxial jets
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (DIEM), University of Bologna.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics, Fluid Physics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. (Linné FLOW Centre)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8667-0520
2011 (English)In: Journal of Visualization, ISSN 1343-8875, Vol. 14, no 4, 305-306 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Flow visualizations have been performed in order to study the vortex interactions in the near field of a coaxial jet configuration. Smoke has been injected in the outer stream and a continuous Argon Laser sheet has been used as a light source. Instantaneous pictures have been acquired at a rate of 1 kHz by means of DANTEC Nanosense MK1 camera. In order to remove the background noise the average of all the available images has been subtracted from each snapshot. Different tests have been performed at moderately large Reynolds number, for different velocity ratios, r=Uo/Ui, [1], whereUiandUoare the inner and outer jet velocity, respectively. Three main regimes have emerged depending on the velocity ratio. Although for ru≪1 the coaxial jets dynamics may be related to the independent instability of the inner and outer shear layer (see figure 1a), in this type of configuration (visible for ru≫1 in figure 1c) it is typically the stronger outer shear layer that dominates the near field vortex dynamics, [2]. However, for runearly unitary, and for a thick enough separating wall, a clear vortex shedding behind the separating wall is produced as a result of a global instability mechanism. Figure 1b shows that the generated vortices impose their own dynamics on the entire jet near field synchronizing the instability of the outer shear layer. This ”lock-in” phenomenon can be used as a ”passive” mean, i.e. requiring no energy input, to control the mixing between the two streams and between the jet and the ambient fluid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 14, no 4, 305-306 p.
Keyword [en]
Coaxial jet, Vortex interaction, Vortex shedding
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-87163DOI: 10.1007/s12650-010-0069-3ISI: 000297131800001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84856240393OAI: diva2:501457
Qc 20120215Available from: 2012-02-15 Created: 2012-02-14 Last updated: 2012-02-20Bibliographically approved

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Segalini, Antonio
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