Satellite Monitoring of Urban Land Cover Change in Stockholm Between 1986 and 2006 and Indicator-Based Environmental Assessment
2013 (English)In: Earth Observation of Global Changes (EOGC), Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, 205-222 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Over the past few decades, there has been substantial urban growth in Stockholm, Sweden, now the largest city in Scandinavia. This research investigates and evaluates the evolution of land cover/use change in Stockholm between 1986 and 2006 with a particular focus on what impact urban growth has had on the environment using indicators derived from remote sensing and environmental data. Four scenes of SPOT imagery over the Stockholm County area were acquired for this study including two on 13 June 1986, one on 5 August 2006 and one on 4 June 2008. These images are classified into seven land cover categories using an object-based and rule-based approach with spectral data and texture measures as inputs. The classification is then used to generate spatial metrics and environmental indicators for evaluation of fragmentation and land cover/land use change. Based on the environmental indicators, an environmental impact index is constructed for both 1986 and 2006 and then compared. The environmental impact index is based on the proportion and condition of green areas important for ecosystem services, proximity of these areas to intense urban land use, proportion of urban areas in their immediate vicinity, and how impacted they are by noise. The analysis units are then ranked according to their indicator values and an average of the indicator rankings gives an overall index score. Results include a ranking of the landscape in terms of environmental impact in 1986 and 2006, as well as an analysis of which units have improved the least or the most and why. The highest ranked units are located most often to the north and east of the central Stockholm area, while the lowest tend to be located closer to the center itself. Yet units near the center also tended to improve the most in ranking over the two decades, which would suggest a convergence towards modest urban expansion and limited environmental impact.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013. 205-222 p.
, Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, ISSN 1863-2246
Remote Sensing Environmental Management
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-87792DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-32714-8_14ISBN: 978-3-642-32713-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-87792DiVA: diva2:501896
QC 201212192012-02-142012-02-142014-12-12Bibliographically approved