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Transparent polycrystalline ruby ceramic by spark plasma sintering
Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry,Stockholm University.
Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3060-9987
2010 (English)In: Materials research bulletin, ISSN 0025-5408, E-ISSN 1873-4227, Vol. 45, no 9, 1127-1131 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fine-grained and transparent polycrystalline ruby ceramics (Cr(2)O(3)-doped Al(2)O(3)) were successfully prepared by spark plasma sintering (SPS). The effect of Cr(2)O(3) concentration on the grain size, hardness, fracture toughness and thermal conductivity of ruby ceramics was investigated systematically. For 0.05 wt.% Cr(2)O(3), high in-line transmittance of 85% at 2000 nm can be reached, further increase of Cr(2)O(3) concentration leads to the decrease in transmittance. High hardness of 23.95-25.05 GPa can be achieved due to the fine grain size in all ruby ceramics. The fracture toughness of 1.9-2.29 MPa m(1/2) indicates that no improvement in fracture toughness over pure Al(2)O(3) can be obtained by Cr(2)O(3) doping in these submicron grained ruby ceramics. High thermal conductivity of 28-29.8 W/(m K) at room temperature, close to that of single crystal sapphire, can be achieved. The change in grain size for different Cr(2)O(3) concentrations is the major reason for the change in mechanical and thermal properties, but not for the change in optical properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pergamon Press, 2010. Vol. 45, no 9, 1127-1131 p.
Keyword [en]
Ceramics, Oxides, Optical properties, Mechanical properties, Thermal conductivity
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-88939DOI: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2010.05.034ISI: 000281104900016OAI: diva2:502587
QC 20120216Available from: 2012-02-14 Created: 2012-02-14 Last updated: 2012-02-16Bibliographically approved

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Zhao, Zhe
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