Grain-size effects on the ferroelectric behavior of dense nanocrystalline BaTiO3 ceramics
2004 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 70, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A progressive reduction of tetragonal distortion, heat of transition, Curie temperature, and relative dielectric constant has been observed on dense BaTiO3 ceramics with grain size decreasing from 1200 to 50 nm. The correlations between grain size, extent of tetragonal distortion, and ferroelectric properties strongly support the existence of an intrinsic size effect. From the experimental trends the critical size for disappearance of ferroelectricity has been evaluated to be 10-30 nm. The strong depression of the relative permittivity observed for the nanocrystalline ceramics can be ascribed to the combination of the intrinsic size effect and of the size-dependent "dilution" effect of a grain boundary "dead" layer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2004. Vol. 70, no 2
Ceramics Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-89039DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.70.024107ISI: 000222996600020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-89039DiVA: diva2:502625
QC 201203022012-02-142012-02-142012-03-02Bibliographically approved