Risk and Responsibility
2012 (English)In: Handbook of Risk Theory: Epistemology, Decision Theory, Ethics, and Social Implications of Risk / [ed] Sabine Roeser, Rafaela Hillerbrand, Martin Peterson, Per Sandin, Springer, 2012, 877-907 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
When a risk materializes, it is common to ask the question: who is responsible for the riskbeing taken? Despite this intimate connection between risk and responsibility, remarkably little hasbeen written on the exact relation between the notions of risk and responsibility. This contributionsets out to explore the relation between risk and responsibility on basis of the somewhat dispersedliterature on the topic and it sketches directions for future research. It deals with three more specifictopics. First we explore the conceptual connections between risk and responsibility by discussingdifferent conceptions of risk and responsibility and their relationships. Second, we discussresponsibility for risk, paying attention to four more specific activities with respect to risks: riskreduction, risk assessment, risk management, and risk communication. Finally, we explore theproblem of many hands (PMH), that is, the problem of attributing responsibility when largenumbers of people are involved in an activity.We argue that the PMH has especially becomeprominenttodayduetotheincreasedcollectivenatureofactionsandduetothefactthatouractionsoften do not involve direct harm but rather risks, that is, the possibility of harm. We illustrate thePMH for climate change and discuss three possible ways of dealing with it: (1) responsibility-as-virtue, (2) a procedure for distributing responsibility, and (3) institutional design
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2012. 877-907 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-89554DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-1433-5_35ISBN: 978-94-007-1432-8ISBN: 978-94-007-1433-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-89554DiVA: diva2:503133
QC 201305312012-02-152012-02-152013-05-31Bibliographically approved