Diagnostic procedures in mild traumatic brain injury: results of the WHO Collaborating Centre Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
2004 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, Vol. 36, no 43, 61-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We examined diagnostic procedures in mild traumatic brain injury by a systematic literature search. After screening 38,806 abstracts, we critically reviewed 228 diagnostic studies and accepted 73 (32%). The estimated prevalence of intracranial CT scan abnormalities is 5% in patients presenting to hospital with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 15 and 30% or higher in patients presenting with a score of 13. About 1% of all treated patients with mild traumatic brain injury require neurosurgical intervention. There is strong evidence that clinical factors can predict computerized tomography scan abnormalities and the need for intervention in adults, but no such evidence for mild traumatic brain injury in children. We found evidence that skull fracture is a risk factor for intracranial lesions, but the diagnostic accuracy of radiologically diagnosed skull fracture as an indication of intracranial lesions is poor. There is only a little evidence for the diagnostic validity of cognitive testing and other diagnostic tools for mild traumatic brain injury.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 36, no 43, 61-75 p.
mild traumatic brain injury, concussion, diagnosis, computerized tomography scan, skull X-ray, loss of consciousness, post-traumatic amnesia, cognitive function
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-89819DOI: 10.1080/16501960410023822ISI: 000220043300008PubMedID: 15083871OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-89819DiVA: diva2:503669
QC 201203142012-02-162012-02-162012-03-14Bibliographically approved