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Incidence, risk factors and prevention of mild traumatic brain injury: Results of the WHO Collaborating Centre Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Section for Personal Injury Prevention, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Health Center, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.
Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
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2004 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 36, no 43, 28-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: We undertook a best-evidence synthesis on the incidence, risk factors and prevention of mild traumatic brain injury. Methods: Medline, Cinahl, PsycINFO and Embase were searched for relevant articles. After screening 38,806 abstracts, we critically reviewed 169 studies on incidence, risk and prevention, and accepted 121 (72%).Results: The accepted articles show that 70–90% of all treated brain injuries are mild, and the incidence of hospital- treated patients with mild traumatic brain injury is about 100–300/100,000 population. However, much mild traumatic brain injury is not treated at hospitals, and the true population-based rate is probably above 600/100,000. Mild traumatic brain injury is more common in males and in teenagers and young adults. Falls and motor-vehicle colli- sions are common causes.Conclusion: Strong evidence supports helmet use to prevent mild traumatic brain injury in motorcyclists and bicyclists. The mild traumatic brain injury literature is of varying quality, and the studies are very heterogeneous. Never- theless, there is evidence that mild traumatic brain injury is an important public health problem, but we need more high- quality research into this area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 36, no 43, 28-60 p.
Keyword [en]
mild traumatic brain injury, epidemiology, incidence, risk factors, prevention
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Clinical Medicine
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-89813DOI: 10.1080/16501960410023732ISI: 000220043300007PubMedID: 15083870OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-89813DiVA: diva2:503693
Note
QC 20120314Available from: 2012-02-16 Created: 2012-02-16 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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