Formal Verification of Safety I&C System Designs: Two Nuclear Power Plant Related Applications
2008 (English)In: Proceedings Man-Technology-Organisation Session, Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, Norway: Institt for energiteknikk , 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
Instrumentation and control (I&C) systems play a crucial role in the operation of nuclear power plants(NPP) and other safety critical processes. An important change is the replacement of the old analogue I&Csystems with new digitalised ones. The programmable digital logic controllers enable more complicatedcontrol tasks than the old analogue systems and thus the validation of the control logic designs against safetyrequirements has become more important. In order to diminish the subjective component of the evaluationthere is a need to develop new formal verification methods. A promising approach is a method called modelchecking, which enables the complete verification of requirements when a finite state machine model of thesystem is available. The use of model checking to verify two nuclear power plant related systems isdescribed: an arc protection system and a reactor emergency cooling system. For the verification, it was alsonecessary to model the operation environment of the device and the larger system it is part of. Theenvironment models could be kept relatively simple, but it is important that the essential behaviour of theenvironment is covered. The reactor emergency cooling system is in use in an operating nuclear power plantand the arc protection system model included a typical realistic operation environment. The results showedthat it was possible to reliably verify the presence of desired behaviour as well as the absence of anundesired behaviour of the system. The possibility for complete verification makes model checking differentfrom simulation-based testing where only a number of selected scenarios can be simulated and one can neverbe sure that all the possible behaviour is covered. The challenges for future research are to develop morededicated methods for the verification of safety critical automation and safety critical embedded software.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Norway: Institt for energiteknikk , 2008.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-90777OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-90777DiVA: diva2:506532
Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting. Proc. Man-Technology-Organisation Session. Loen, Norway. 18–23 May 2008
QC 201205082012-02-282012-02-282012-05-08Bibliographically approved