Radiation induced dissolution of UO2 based nuclear fuel - A critical review of predictive modelling approaches
2012 (English)In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, ISSN 0022-3115, E-ISSN 1873-4820, Vol. 420, no 1-3, 409-423 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Radiation induced dissolution of uranium dioxide (UO2) nuclear fuel and the consequent release of radionuclides to intruding groundwater are key-processes in the safety analysis of future deep geological repositories for spent nuclear fuel. For several decades, these processes have been studied experimentally using both spent fuel and various types of simulated spent fuels. The latter have been employed since it is difficult to draw mechanistic conclusions from real spent nuclear fuel experiments. Several predictive modelling approaches have been developed over the last two decades. These models are largely based on experimental observations. In this work we have performed a critical review of the modelling approaches developed based on the large body of chemical and electrochemical experimental data. The main conclusions are: (1) the use of measured interfacial rate constants give results in generally good agreement with experimental results compared to simulations where homogeneous rate constants are used; (2) the use of spatial dose rate distributions is particularly important when simulating the behaviour over short time periods; and (3) the steady-state approach (the rate of oxidant consumption is equal to the rate of oxidant production) provides a simple but fairly accurate alternative, but errors in the reaction mechanism and in the kinetic parameters used may not be revealed by simple benchmarking. It is essential to use experimentally determined rate constants and verified reaction mechanisms, irrespective of whether the approach is chemical or electrochemical.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 420, no 1-3, 409-423 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-91274DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2011.10.027ISI: 000300462300057ScopusID: 2-s2.0-82055165248OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-91274DiVA: diva2:509011
QC 201203122012-03-122012-03-122012-03-12Bibliographically approved