Dispersive Pc1 bursts observed by Freja
1994 (English)In: Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, Vol. 21, no 17, 1851-1854 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Electric field measurements by the Freja double probe sensor are used to study equatorially generated ion cyclotron waves, also called Pc1 pulsations. We have examined the global occurrence and spectral properties of these waves in the upper ionosphere during 12-hour period on Nov. 18, 1992, when a long chain of structured Pc1 waves (pearls) was observed on ground. In agreement with ground observations, Pc1 waves were found to occur as short bursts of 10-25 s in early morning to postnoon MLT sector. Most Pc1 activity was detected within a small latitudinal range, extending from 60-degrees CGMlat at dawn to 630 CGMlat at noon. The latitudinal width of the source was only about 0.5-degrees CGMlat. Observations give evidence for a plasmapause connected source region that was several hours wide in MLT and active during many hours. One burst displayed a fully developed classical dispersive Pc1 pearl, now detected for the first time above the ionosphere. In all studied Pc1 events, two spectral maxima (bands) were observed. The longer Pc1 wave bursts showed evidence for a small time delay between the lower and upper frequency bands, unveiling a new dispersive phenomenon.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 21, no 17, 1851-1854 p.
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39281DOI: 10.1029/94GL01584ISI: A1994PC81700028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-39281DiVA: diva2:511085
NR 201408052012-03-192011-09-092012-03-19Bibliographically approved