The double probe electric field experiment on Freja: Experiment description and first results
1994 (English)In: Space Science Reviews, ISSN 00386308 (ISSN), Vol. 70, no 3-4, 483-508 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A description is given of the Freja double-probe electric field instrument. Its capability to perform high-resolution measurements of the aurora and its fine-structure as well as collect information on sub-auroral and low-latitude phenomena is illustrated by selected results from the first six months of operation. The instrument is highly flexible and possible to operate in a number of different modes. It is also equipped with a 4-Megabyte burst memory for high data sampling rate and temporary storage of data. It has been fully operational since October 1992, and delivers data from â‰ˆ22 hr day-1 including about 5-6 auroral crossings of the northern and southern auroral ionosphere. New and important information on the auroral fine structure and electrodynamics is obtained by means of burst resolution data (6144 samples s-1) and normal resolution data (768 samples s-1). Common burst data collection triggered by the electric field event detector has turned out to be very useful for the selection of scientifically interesting events. This is illustrated by high-resolution data of a pair of extremely intense and narrow electric field structures (1 V m-1) which are associated with a total absence of precipitating particles, depletions of the thermal plasma and with an intense wave activity. The low inclination of the Freja orbit provides a new perspective for studying largescale phenomena associated with east-west gradients as is exemplified by electric field data from a satellite crossing over north-south oriented auroral structures presumably resulting from rotational distortions of east-west aligned auroral arcs. The different plasma regimes encountered by Freja are continuously monitored by means of current sweeps applied to the probes and by the satellite potential. In addition, overview data (8 samples s-1) are collected from full orbits and stored in the on-board memory and have proved to be extremely valuable, providing new information on global electric field phenomena at subauroral and lower latitudes, such as the intense poleward electric fields and Pc-1 observations that have been made near the plasmapause during substorm activity. Â© 1994 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 70, no 3-4, 483-508 p.
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-91724DOI: 10.1007/BF00756883OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-91724DiVA: diva2:511093
Correspondence Address: Marklund, G.T.; Department of Plasma Physics, AlfvÃ©n Laboratory, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden NR 201408052012-03-202012-03-202012-03-20Bibliographically approved