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Harvesting energy from the sea
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Every marine energy source presents advantages and disadvantages. For example, they are not atthe same stage of maturity. Tidal range power is fully mature but the limited number of sitesavailable, combined with the large environmental impacts and investment costs limit itsdevelopment. The idea of artificial lagoons that will be offshore tidal range plant could create a newinterest for this technology. But for the moment, no plant of this type has been constructed yet. Tidalstream power is the next mature technology of marine energy after tidal range. Its development willrequire public subsidies but is supposed to be commercial in 2015. Systems are already indemonstration in several countries (UK, France and Canada). Wave power is less mature but it willbenefit from the development of tidal stream power and will probably be commercial in 2020. Somesystems are also in demonstration but challenges seem greater in wave power than in tidal power.Wave power conversion systems have to extract energy from the waves, even the largest ones, butat the same time resist to them. Contrary to tidal stream which has a predictable resource, waves areway less predictable and systems will have to be able to resist and valorize waves. OTEC (OceanThermal Energy Conversion) has been studied for years but it is still not mature. Its development forelectricity production needs technology research to develop cheaper and more compact systems(heat exchangers, pipes…). Air conditioning applications are developing and also require the use ofpipes and heat exchangers. Advances in this utilization could maybe help the development of OTECsystems for electricity production. Osmosis is the less mature and the most challenging technology. Atechnological breakthrough in the membrane could allow a rapid development. This breakthroughwill probably come from other sectors so it is important for the industries to get ready in order todevelop the system as soon as this technological improvement will be made.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 51 p.
Keyword [en]
marine energy tidal wave power
National Category
Energy Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-91881OAI: diva2:511498
Educational program
Master of Science - Engineeering Physics
2012-01-31, Skype, 15:47 (English)
Available from: 2012-03-21 Created: 2012-03-21 Last updated: 2012-03-21Bibliographically approved

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