Electrochemical study on co-doped ceria-carbonate composite electrolyte
2012 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, Vol. 201, 121-127 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A co-doped ceria-carbonate (Ce0.8Sm0.2-xCaxO2-delta-Na2CO3) has been synthesized by a co-precipitation method. The detailed electrochemical characterizations (e.g. impedance spectra, polarization curve and IV curves) of this composite material are reported and discussed. The two phase nanocomposite electrolytes with carbonate coated on the co-doped ceria displays dual (H+/O2-) ion conduction at low temperature (300-600 degrees C) in solid oxide fuel cell. The observed remarkable temperature-dependent of conductivity is attributed to the softening/melting of carbonate phase as the physical state of carbonate phase transforms from solid to molten state. Coexistence of various charge carriers, oxide phase composition, and the oxide-carbonate interfacial area are investigated by Raman spectra. The enhancement of conductivity is also discussed by the general mixing rule/percolation theory of composite interfaces. The co-doping with 2nd phase gives a good approach to realize challenges for solid oxide fuel cell.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 201, 121-127 p.
Calcium carbonate, Sodium carbonate, Co-doping, Two phase composite, Ionic conductivity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-91609DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.10.124ISI: 000300264400016ScopusID: 2-s2.0-83655167035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-91609DiVA: diva2:512947
QC 201203292012-03-292012-03-192012-03-29Bibliographically approved