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Wireless sensor network for volcano monitoring
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT. (CCSlab)
2005 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The monitoring of volcanoes for risk assessment has deployed single sensors for years. This kind of system requires manual supervision to monitor each sensor, which makes the monitoring work not flexible and efficient enough to adapt to variable volcano environments. With the development of wireless sensor networks, the accuracy and coverage of volcano observations can be improved by deploying networked sensors. This paper proposes a wireless sensor network prototype for volcano remote monitoring, which was built and tested in a field campaign in volcano Etna, Italy in September of 2004.Hardware design of sensors, in-depth sensor network design and software module architecture will be introduced in this paper. The experience gained from the practical work in volcano Etna will be used in an upcoming volcano monitoring project.

Abstract [sv]

Vulkaner har, i syfte för riskuppskattning, under en lång tid observerats med enkel sensorteknik.Det systemet behöver dock manuell övervakning av varje sensor, vilket gör att övervakningssystemet inte blir nog flexibelt eller effektivt för att kunna anpassas till en variabel vulkanmiljö. Med utvecklingen av trådlösa sensornätverk kan noggrannheten och täckningen av vulkanövervakning förbättras. I denna rapport föreslås en prototyp för ett trådlöst sensornätverk avsett för övervakning av vulkaner.Denna prototyp byggdes och provades i en fältkampanj på vulkanen Etna i september 2004. I denna rapport presenteras även hårdvarudesign av sensorer, fördjupad design av sensornätverket och arkitektur av mjukvarumoduler.Erfarenheten från det praktiska arbetet på Etna kommer att användas i ett kommande vulkanprojekt.

Abstract [zh]

数年耒, 火山庐盎'情予页手贝哑工儡乍中普遍采用的是单传感器系茎充。 这手中系彗充需要人工监控每个传 感器, 由于其不可多灵活高效, 不苜旨适应多变的火山壬不土竞。 随着无线传感器网络的岌展, 采用 网络互连的传感器苜旨句多提高火山监暑贝畦的子崔确'性养口宗置盖范围o 本文提出了一茉中用于火山远程监 控的无线传感器网络原型, 在 2口口4年 日 月薏犬禾lj士矣特男B火山的科学考察活动中, i亥网络芋皮搭 建井寄贝哑试应用。 本文轧寻介妻召宝亥网络中的传感器的丑更儡牛设元十, 传感器网络设无十以及软儡牛摸块结 构。 在士矣特丑B火山的实地考禀工儡乍中获宁导的宝贵经验耳幂儡故为下一唇介段火山监手贝哑项目的守旨南。

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. , 49 p.
Series
TRITA-IMIT-LCN. AVH, ISSN 1651-4106 ; 2005-02
Keyword [en]
wireless sensor network, volcano, remote, sensing, trådlös sensor nätverk, vulkan, fjärranalys
Keyword [zh]
关键i可: 无线传感器网络, 火山, 远程, 传感
Keyword [sv]
trådlös sensor nätverk, vulkan, fjärranalys
National Category
Communication Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-92301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-92301DiVA: diva2:513185
Subject / course
Telecommunication Systems
Educational program
Master of Science - Internetworking
Presentation
2005-02-15, Seminar room Grimeton, Isafjordsgatan 30B, Kista, 10:00 (English)
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-04-02 Created: 2012-03-30 Last updated: 2017-02-06Bibliographically approved

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