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Exercise thermoregulatory responses following a 28-day sleep-high train-low regimen
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Environmental Physiology.
2012 (English)In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 112, no 11, 3881-3891 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The potentiated exercise-sweating rate observed during acute hypoxia is diminished after a sleep-high train-low (SH-TL) regimen. We tested the hypothesis that this attenuation of the sweating response after SH-TL is compensated for by an increase in heat loss via vasodilatation. Nine male subjects participated in a 28-day SH-TL regimen. Before (pre-), and after (post-) the SH-TL protocol, they performed an test under normoxia and hypoxia. Additionally, pre- and post-SH-TL they completed three 30-min constant-work rate trials on a cycle ergometer. In one trial, the subjects inspired room air while exercising at 50 % of normoxic (CT). In the remaining trials, subjects exercised in hypoxia (FIO2 12.5 %), either at the same absolute (HAT) or relative (50 % of hypoxic ) work rate (HRT) as in CT. Despite similar exercise core temperature responses between pre- and post-SH-TL trials, sweating rate was potentiated in HAT pre-SH-TL [CT: 1.97 (0.42); HRT: 1.86 (0.31); HAT: 2.55 (0.53) mg cm(-2) min(-1); p < 0.05]. Post-SH-TL exercise sweating rate was increased for CT, and remained unchanged in HRT and HAT [CT: 2.42 (0.76); HRT: 2.01 (0.33); HAT: 2.59 (0.30) mg cm(-2) min(-1)]. Pre-SH-TL, the forearm-fingertip skin temperature difference (Tsk(f-f)) was higher in HAT than in CT and HRT by similar to 3.5A degrees C (p < 0.05). The inter-condition differences in Tsk(f-f) were diminished post-SH-TL. In conclusion, the decrease in sweating rate during hypoxic exercise, following a SH-TL regimen, was countered by an increase in vasodilatation (reduced Tsk(f-f)), whereas SH-TL enhanced the sweating response during normoxic exercise. The mechanisms underlying these SH-TL-induced alterations in thermoregulatory responses remain to be settled.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 112, no 11, 3881-3891 p.
Keyword [en]
Near infrared spectroscopy, Sweating, Aerobic training, Altitude acclimatization, Relative work rate, Absolute work rate
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-93152DOI: 10.1007/s00421-012-2374-0ISI: 000310086800018ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84869205701OAI: diva2:515218

QC 20121127

Available from: 2012-04-12 Created: 2012-04-12 Last updated: 2012-11-27Bibliographically approved

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Eiken, Ola
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