Surface-initiated ring-opening polymerization from cellulose model surfaces monitored by a Quartz Crystal Microbalance
2012 (English)In: Soft Matter, ISSN 1744-683X, Vol. 8, no 2, 512-517 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Polymer surface-grafting is an excellent method to modify the properties of a surface. However, surface-initiated polymerization is still relatively poorly understood due to the lack of appropriate characterization methods and tools to monitor the polymerizations. Herein, we report the in situ, surface-initiated ring-opening polymerization (SI-ROP) investigated in real time by the Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) technique. The polymerization was performed from a cellulose model surface and the polymerization was initiated directly from the available hydroxyl groups on the cellulose. The cyclic monomer 3-caprolactone and an organic catalyst, 1,5,7-triazabicyclo[4.4.0]dec-5-ene (TBD), were used, and the reaction was performed in bulk at room temperature. Since a free polymer was formed in bulk in parallel to the grafting from the surface, the reaction was performed in three cycles with rinsing steps in between to measure only the effect of the surface grafting. The change in frequency showed that the grafted amount of polymer increased after each cycle indicating that most of the chain ends remained active. After polymer grafting, the cellulose model surface showed a more hydrophobic character, and the surface roughness of the cellulose model surface was reduced. This study clearly shows that QCM is a viable method to monitor SI-ROP in situ from cellulose surfaces. We believe this is an important step towards a deeper understanding of how to tailor the interface between polymer-modified cellulose and a polymer matrix in biocomposites.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 8, no 2, 512-517 p.
Chemical Engineering Physical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-93406DOI: 10.1039/c1sm06121fISI: 000301791100035ScopusID: 2-s2.0-83455205987OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-93406DiVA: diva2:515795
FunderSwedish Research Council
QC 201204162012-04-162012-04-162012-09-18Bibliographically approved