Spin-spin and spin-orbit interactions in nanographene fragments: A quantum chemistry approach
2012 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 136, no 10, 104702- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The relativistic behavior of graphene structures, starting from the fundamental building blocks - the poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) along with other PAH nanographenes - is studied to quantify any associated intrinsic magnetism in the triplet (T) state and subsequently in the ground singlet (S) state with account of possible S-T mixture induced by spin-orbit coupling (SOC). We employ a first principle quantum chemical-based approach and density functional theory (DFT) for a systematic treatment of the spin-Hamiltonian by considering both the spin-orbit and spin-spin interactions as dependent on different numbers of benzene rings. We assess these relativistic spin-coupling phenomena in terms of splitting parameters which cause magnetic anisotropy in absence of external perturbations. Possible routes for changes in the couplings in terms of doping and defects are also simulated and discussed. Accounting for the artificial character of the broken-symmetry solutions for strong spin polarization of the so-called "singlet open-shell" ground state in zigzag graphene nanoribbons predicted by spin-unrestricted DFT approaches, we interpolate results from more sophisticated methods for the S-T gaps and spin-orbit coupling (SOC) integrals and find that these spin interactions become weak as function of size and increasing decoupling of electrons at the edges. This leads to reduced electron spin-spin interaction and hence almost negligible intrinsic magnetism in the carbon-based PAHs and carbon nanographene fragments. Our results are in agreement with the fact that direct experimental evidence of edge magnetism in pristine graphene has been reported so far. We support the notion that magnetism in graphene only can be ascribed to structural defects or impurities.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 136, no 10, 104702- p.
Physical Sciences Chemical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-93387DOI: 10.1063/1.3687002ISI: 000301664600033ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84858969231OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-93387DiVA: diva2:516000
FunderSwedish e‐Science Research Center
QC 201204172012-04-172012-04-162013-04-08Bibliographically approved