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Impact of stroke on anterior-posterior force generation prior to seat-off during sit-to-walk
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical sensors, signals and systems (MSSS).
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2012 (English)In: Gait & Posture, ISSN 0966-6362, E-ISSN 1879-2219, Vol. 35, no 1, 56-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Force generation during sit-to-walk (STW) post-stroke is a poorly studied area, although STW is a common daily transfer giving rise to a risk of falling in persons with disability. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare strategies for anterior-posterior (AP) force generation prior to seat-off during the STW transfer in both subjects with stroke and in matched controls. During STW at self-selected speed, AP force data were collected by 4 force plates, beneath the buttocks and feet from eight subjects with stroke '(>6 months after onset) and 8 matched controls. Subjects with post-stroke hemiparesis and matched controls generated a similar magnitude of total AP force impulses (F-1.71 = 0.67; p = 0.42) beneath buttocks and feet prior to seat-off during STW. However, there were significant group differences in AP force impulse generation beneath the stance buttock (i.e. the non-paretic buttock in the stroke group), with longer duration (F-1.71 = 8.78; p <0.005), larger net AP impulse (F-1.71 = 6.76; p < 0.05) and larger braking impulse (F-1.71 = 7.24; p <0.05) in the stroke group. The total braking impulse beneath buttocks and feet was about 4.5 times larger in the stroke group than in the control group (F-1.71 = 8.84; p < 0.005). An intra-and inter-limb dys-coordination with substantial use of braking impulses was demonstrated in the stroke group. This motor strategy differed markedly from the smooth force interaction in the control group. These results might be important in the development of treatment models related to locomotion post-stroke.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 35, no 1, 56-60 p.
Keyword [en]
Post-stroke, Sit-to-walk, Anterior-posterior, Ground reaction forces, Rehabilitation
National Category
Medical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-92367DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.08.005ISI: 000300267400010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84855940284OAI: diva2:516091
Swedish Research Council, 50693501
QC 20120417Available from: 2012-04-17 Created: 2012-04-02 Last updated: 2012-04-17Bibliographically approved

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Halvorsen, Kjartan
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