Mathematical Modeling of Reaction and Diffusion Systems in a Cell Including Surface Reactions on the Cytoplasmic Membranes
2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
Benzo[a]pyrene (BP) is a toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) whichis found in our environment. These BPs are metabolized to benzo[a]pyrene diol(BPD) by enzymes bound to the cytoplasmic membranes e.g. members of thecytochrome P450 protein family and epoxide hydrolyses. BPDs are further metabolizedto two stereochemical variants of Benzo[a]pyrene diol expoxide (BPDE) bythe cytochrome P450 family of proteins. These are the two steps of metabolismcategorized as Phase I. In Phase II, BPDEs are further metabolized by soluble enzymesin the cytoplasm e.g. members of the glutathione transferase protein familyto GSH conjugates. BPDE can also diffuse into the cellular nucleus and reactwith DNA forming mutagenic DNA adducts. The formation of GSH conjugatesand DNA adducts, was earlier studied by us by developing a mathematical modeldescribing the intracellular reaction and diffusion of lipophilic PAHs taking intoaccount the partitioning phenomenon (Dreij K et al. PLoS One 6(8), 2011). In thispaper part of Phase I metabolism i.e formation of BPDE metabolites, will be addedto the model, thus enhancing the previous model. These cytochrome P450 reactionstake place on the intracellular membranes, and are modeled as a membranesurface reaction within the cytoplasm using the standard process of adsorption anddesorption. The effective equations are derived using iterative homogenization forthe numerical treatment of the cytoplasm including surface effects. The numericalresults of some of the species have been qualitatively verified against in vitroresults found in the literature.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. , 24 p.
, TRITA-NA, 2012:4
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-93465OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-93465DiVA: diva2:516279
FunderSwedish e‐Science Research Center
QC 201204182012-04-172012-04-172014-01-29Bibliographically approved