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Impact of non-idealities and integrator leakage on the performance of IR-UWB receiver front end
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

UWB has the huge potential to impact the present communication systems due to its enormous available bandwidth, range/data rate trade-off, and potential for very low cost operation. According to FCC, Ultra Wideband (UWB) radio signal defined as a signal that occupies a bandwidth of 500 MHz or fractional bandwidth larger than 20% with strict limits on its power spectral density to -41.3dBm/MHz in the range 3.1GHz to 10.6GHz.

Decades of research in the area of wide-band systems have lead us to new possibilities in the design of low power, low complexity radios, comparing with existing narrowband radio systems. In particular, impulse radio based ultra wideband (IR-UWB) is a promising solution for short-range radio communications such as low power radio-frequency identification (RFID), wireless sensor network's and wireless personal area network (WPAN) etc.

Since a simple circuit, architecture adopted in the IR-UWB system, the non-idealities of receiver front end may lead to degrade the overall performance. Therefore, it is important to study these effects in order to create robust and efficient UWB system. However, majorities of recent studies are formed on the channel analysis, rather than the receiver system.

The main objectives of this thesis work are, (a) System level modeling of non-coherent IR-UWB receiver, (b) Performance analysis of IR-UWB receiver with the help of bit error rate (BER) estimation, (c) A study on the impact of receiver front end non-idealities over BER, (d) Analysis of charge leakage in integrator and its effect on overall performance of UWB receiver.

In this work, IR-UWB non-coherent energy detector receiver operating in the frequency band of 3GHz-5GHz based on the on-off keying (OOK) modulation was simulated in Matlab/Simulink. The effect of receiver front end non idealities and integrator charge leakages were discussed in detail with respect to overall performance of the receiver. The results show that non idealities and leakage degrade the performance as expected. In order to achieve a specific BER of 10-2 with the integrator leakage of 25%, the SNR should be increased by 2.1 dB compared to the SNR with no leakage at a data rate of 200Mbps. Finally, integrator design and its specifications were discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 81 p.
Trita-ICT-EX, 22
Keyword [en]
IR-UWB, non-coherent energy detector, system modeling, non-idealities, integrator leakage, BER, Matlab
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-93525OAI: diva2:516867
Subject / course
Electronic- and Computer Systems
Educational program
Master of Science - System-on-Chip Design
Available from: 2012-04-20 Created: 2012-04-20 Last updated: 2012-04-20Bibliographically approved

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