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Miljö- och kostnadseffekter av att använda höghållfast stål i taket på Swedbank Arena 
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Examensarbetet är en studie av den fasta delen av takkonstruktionen i Swedbank Arena. Syftet med examensarbetet är att undersöka hur valet av att använda höghållfast stål påverkat kostnader och miljö under hela konstruktionens livstid. I undersökningen har takkonstruktionen dimensionerats med tre olika alternativ där andelen höghållfast stål i konstruktionen har varierats. Nedan beskrivs översiktligt de stålsorter som alternativen är uppbyggda av.

 

-          Alternativ A innehåller endast konventionellt stål som har sträckgräns 355 MPa.

-          Alternativ B är det alternativ som byggts i verkligheten. Den verkliga konstruktionen innehåller stålsorter med sträckgränser mellan 355 MPa - 900 MPa.

-          Alternativ C innehåller en större andel höghållfast stål än den verkliga konstruktionen. Detta alternativ innehåller stålsorter med sträckgränser 355- 900 MPa.

 

Dimensioneringen av takkonstruktionen har utförts med programmet Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional 2010 som innehåller automatisk normkontroll enligt Boverkets handbok om stålkonstruktioner, BSK07. I analysen har två modeller skapats, alternativ A och C, för att kunna jämföras med den verkliga takkonstruktionen, alternativ B. Resultaten från analysen har använts i beräkningarna av kostnad och miljöpåverkan.

 

För att beräkna miljöpåverkan användes ett livscykelanalysverktyg som är speciellt utvecklat för stål. I studien jämfördes miljöpåverkan för alternativen med höghållfast stål med ett alternativ som endast består av konventionellt stål. Det har antagits att miljöpåverkan under profiltillverkning, montage och användningsfasen är lika stora eller försumbar för studien. Miljöstudien är en jämförelsestudie. Det innebär att områden i konstruktionens livscykel som resulterar i lika stor miljöpåverkan för samtliga alternativ inte tas med i beräkningen.

 

Kostnadsberäkningen har genomförts i samarbete med Ruukki. Med resultaten från analysen i Robot skapades ett frågeunderlag som Ruukki använde för att beräkna de totala kostnaderna för samtliga alternativ. Det som Ruukki beaktade vid prissättningen var materialpris, svetsning i verkstad, målning, transport och eventuellt byte av kran vid montage. I kostnadsanalysen har det antagits att projekteringskostnader och användning av takkonstruktionen är densamma för samtliga alternativ. Kostnadsanalysen har utförts som en jämförelsestudie mellan de olika alternativen.

 

Stålmängderna minskar när man använder sig av höghållfast stål. Detta har medfört att både den totala kostnaden och miljöpåverkan för den verkliga konstruktionen blivit lägre i jämförelse med en konstruktion som endast består av konventionellt stål. Genom att använda höghållfast stål har man sparat mycket pengar och samtidigt reducerat miljöpåverkan.

 

Abstract [en]

The thesis is a study of the fixed part of the roof structure in Swedbank Arena. The purpose of the study is to investigate how the choice of using high strength steel has influenced costs and environmental impact throughout the entire life cycle. The roof has been designed with three different alternatives in which the proportion of the high-strength has varied. The following text describes briefly which grades the alternatives are composed of.

 

-          Alternative A contains only conventional steel with a yield strength of 355 MPa.

-          Alternative B is the design that has been built. This structure contains steel with a yield strength between 355- 900 MPa.

-          Alternative C contains a larger proportion of high-strength steel than the existening construction. This alternative contains steel with a yield strength between 355-900 MPa.

 

The calculations of the roof structure have been performed with the program Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional 2010 which has an automatic code check according to BSK07, a publication from the Swedish national Board of Housing, Building and Planning. Two different models, alternative A and C, have been created and compared with the real structure, alternative B. The results from this analysis have been used in the calculations of cost and environmental impact.

 

In the calculations of environmental impact a life cycle analysis tool was used that has been developed especially for steel. The study compared the environmental impact of the alternatives with high strength steel with the alternative that only consists of conventional steel. It has been assumed that the environmental impact in the manufacturing of the profiles, assembly of the steel construction and the use phase is equal or negligible for the study. The environmental study is a comparison study. This means that parts of the constructions life cycle that result in an equal environment impact for all alternatives are not calculated in the study.

 

The cost estimation was calculated in collaboration with Ruukki. The result of the analysis in Robot was used as a tender request that Ruukki used to calculate the total costs of all alternatives. In the cost calculations Ruukki took into account the differences in material prices, welding in the steel factory, painting, transportation and possible replacement of the crane during assembly. In the cost analysis it has been assumed that the cost of designing the roof structure and the use phase is the same for all alternatives. The cost analysis has been performed as a comparison study between the different alternatives.

 

The result of the study shows that the steel volume decreased when the structure consists of high strength steel. The decrease of the steel volume resulted in a reduced total cost and environmental impact. By using high strength steel a lot of money has been saved and in the same time the environmental impact has decreased.

The thesis is a study of the fixed part of the roof structure in Swedbank Arena. The purpose of the study is to investigate how the choice of using high strength steel has influenced costs and environmental impact throughout the entire life cycle. The roof has been designed with three different alternatives in which the proportion of the high-strength has varied. The following text describes briefly which grades the alternatives are composed of.

 

-          Alternative A contains only conventional steel with a yield strength of 355 MPa.

-          Alternative B is the design that has been built. This structure contains steel with a yield strength between 355- 900 MPa.

-          Alternative C contains a larger proportion of high-strength steel than the existening construction. This alternative contains steel with a yield strength between 355-900 MPa.

 

The calculations of the roof structure have been performed with the program Autodesk Robot Structural Analysis Professional 2010 which has an automatic code check according to BSK07, a publication from the Swedish national Board of Housing, Building and Planning. Two different models, alternative A and C, have been created and compared with the real structure, alternative B. The results from this analysis have been used in the calculations of cost and environmental impact.

 

In the calculations of environmental impact a life cycle analysis tool was used that has been developed especially for steel. The study compared the environmental impact of the alternatives with high strength steel with the alternative that only consists of conventional steel. It has been assumed that the environmental impact in the manufacturing of the profiles, assembly of the steel construction and the use phase is equal or negligible for the study. The environmental study is a comparison study. This means that parts of the constructions life cycle that result in an equal environment impact for all alternatives are not calculated in the study.

 

The cost estimation was calculated in collaboration with Ruukki. The result of the analysis in Robot was used as a tender request that Ruukki used to calculate the total costs of all alternatives. In the cost calculations Ruukki took into account the differences in material prices, welding in the steel factory, painting, transportation and possible replacement of the crane during assembly. In the cost analysis it has been assumed that the cost of designing the roof structure and the use phase is the same for all alternatives. The cost analysis has been performed as a comparison study between the different alternatives.

 

The result of the study shows that the steel volume decreased when the structure consists of high strength steel. The decrease of the steel volume resulted in a reduced total cost and environmental impact. By using high strength steel a lot of money has been saved and in the same time the environmental impact has decreased.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
Series
Trita-BYMA, ISSN 0349-5752 ; 2012:1E
Keyword [sv]
Höghållfast stål, LCA, LCC, Swedbank Arena, Takkonstruktion
National Category
Building Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-93799OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-93799DiVA: diva2:524056
Subject / course
Building Materials
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Urban Management
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-04-27 Created: 2012-04-27 Last updated: 2012-04-27Bibliographically approved

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