Light manipulation in micro and nano photonic materials and structures
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Light manipulation is an important method to enhance the light-matter interactions in micro and nano photonic materials and structures by generating usefulelectric field components and increasing time and pathways of light propagationthrough the micro and nano materials and structures. For example, quantum wellinfrared photodetector (QWIP) cannot absorb normal incident radiation so thatthe generation of an electric field component which is parallel to the original incident direction is a necessity for the function of QWIP. Furthermore, the increaseof time and pathways of light propagation in the light-absorbing quantum wellregion will increase the chance of absorbing the photons.The thesis presents the theoretical studies of light manipulation and light-matter interaction in micro and nano photonic materials and structures, aiming atimproving the performance of optical communication devices, photonic integrateddevices and photovoltaic devices.To design efficient micro and nano photonic devices, it is essential to knowthe time evolution of the electromagnetic (EM) field. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) methods have been adopted inthe thesis to numerically solve the Maxwell equations in micro and nano photonicmaterials and structures.Light manipulation in micro and nano material and structures studied in thisthesis includes: (1) light transport in the photonic crystal (PhC) waveguide, (2)light diffraction by the micro-scale dielectric PhC and metallic PhC structures(gratings); and (3) exciton-polaritons of semiconductor quantum dots, (4) surfaceplasmon polaritons at semiconductor-metallic material interface for subwavelengthlight control. All these aspects are found to be useful in optical devices of multiplebeam splitter, quantum well/dot infrared photodetectors, and solar cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. , 72 p.
Trita-BIO-Report, ISSN 1654-2312 ; 2012:13
Photonic crystal, quantum dot, light-matter interaction
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-94081ISBN: 978-91-7501-353-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-94081DiVA: diva2:525286
2012-06-01, FD51, AlbaNova Universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Ivchenko, E. L., Professor
Fu, Ying, Associate Professor
QC 201205072012-05-072012-05-072012-05-07Bibliographically approved
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