Wake characteristics of high-speed trains with different lengths
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part F, journal of rail and rapid transit, ISSN 0954-4097, Vol. 228, no 4, 333-342 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Three different train configurations with different numbers of cars are analysed in order to investigate the effect of the train length on wake structures. The train geometry considered is the aerodynamic train model and the different versions have two, three and four cars. Due to the different lengths of the trains, the boundary-layer thickness will be different at the tail of each configuration. The flow is simulated using detached eddy simulation, and coherent flow structures are extracted via proper orthogonal decomposition and dynamic mode decomposition. As a result of reconstruction of the flow field using coupling of the mean flow and the first fluctuating proper orthogonal decomposition mode, it is found that the dominant flow structure in the wake is the same for all three cases. However, this structure has different frequencies and wavelengths depending on the boundary-layer thickness in front of the separation. It is shown that the frequency decreases as the boundary-layer thickness increases for these train configurations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 228, no 4, 333-342 p.
Detached eddy simulation, aerodynamic train model, proper orthogonal decomposition, slipstream, train aerodynamics
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-94099DOI: 10.1177/0954409712473922ISI: 000335657000001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84899802755OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-94099DiVA: diva2:525304
ProjectsGröna Tåget: Front shape and slipstream for wide body trains at higher speeds
QC 20140625. Updated from submitted to published.2012-05-072012-05-072014-06-25Bibliographically approved