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Location of Trapped Hole on Rutile-TiO2(110) Surface and Its Role in Water Oxidation
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6994-9802
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0007-0394
2012 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 116, no 14, 7863-7866 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The trapped hole and its nature on rutile TiO2(110) surface has been fully examined by first-principles GGA+U method with U(p) ranged from 3.0 to 7.0 eV. The bridge oxygen is found to be the most stable hole trapping site, and it is of a p-type orbital perpendicular to the bridge oxygen row. How the hole reacts with a H2O molecule above the surface is investigated with constrained minimization method. The highest occupied molecular orbital of approaching H2O is found to hybridize with the hole orbital and to form bonding and antibonding orbitals. An electron is seen to be transferred from H2O to the bridge oxygen mediated by the formed bonding state. The electron transfer is accompanied by H2O dissociation concertedly, which results in a hydroxyl radical adsorbed on the surface sharing the hole orbital with an in-plane oxygen atom. The reaction pathway is also estimated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 116, no 14, 7863-7866 p.
National Category
Physical Sciences Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-94042DOI: 10.1021/jp300753fISI: 000302591300031ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84859743415OAI: diva2:525412
QC 20120508Available from: 2012-05-08 Created: 2012-05-07 Last updated: 2014-05-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Theoretical Studies on the Molecular Mechanisms of Photo-Catalytic Reactions on TiO2 Surfaces
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Theoretical Studies on the Molecular Mechanisms of Photo-Catalytic Reactions on TiO2 Surfaces
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Photocatalysis is a promising technology that can effectively convert the solar energyinto sustainable green energy. However, theoretical studies on the molecular mechanisms of photocatalytic reactions are rare. This thesis is devoted to investigate several typical photocatalytic reactions on the surfaces of the most popular photocatalysis TiO2 with density functional theory. We start our study with the characterization of both the free and trapped hole on the surface generated by the light. The oxidation of physisorbed H2O molecule by the hole trapped at bridge oxygen on rutile TiO2(110) surface has been studied. The hole is found to transferto the molecule via the anti-bonding orbital as a result of the hybridization between the hole orbital and the HOMO of the molecule. The energy and symmetry mismatching between the trapped hole orbital and the HOMO of the molecule explains why the trapped hole cannot directly transfer to the chemisorbed H2O molecule. On the other hand, we have found that the chemisorbed H2O moleculecan be more efficiently oxidized by the free hole with a lower barrier and higher reaction energy compared to the oxidation by the trapped hole. In this reaction, the free hole is transferred to the chemisorbed H2O after the dissociation. This is different from the oxidation of chemisorbed H2O on anatase TiO2(101) surface by free hole, in which the hole is transferred concertedly with the dissociation of themolecule.

    In order to understand the hole scavenger ability of organic molecules, the oxidation of three small organic molecules (CH3OH, HCOOH and HCOH) onanatase TiO2(101) surface has been systematically investigated. The concerted hole and proton transfer is found for all these molecules. The calculations suggestthat both kinetic and thermodynamic effects need to be considered to correctly describe the hole transfer process. The order of hole scavenging power is found tofollow: HCOH > HCOOH > CH3OH > H2O, which agrees well with experiments.

    Photo-selective catalytic reduction of the NO by NH3 and the photooxidationof CO by O2 are closely related to the environment application. Both reactionsinvolve the formation and/or breaking of non R–H bonds. The mechanism for the photoreduction of NO proposed by experiment has been verified by our calculations.The role of the hole is to oxidize the adsorbed NH3 into ·NH2 radical, which canform a NH2NO complex with a gaseous NO molecule easily. The photooxidation of CO by O2 is the first multi-step photoreaction we ever studied. By combining thepotential energy surfaces at the ground and excited state we have found that thehole and electron both take part in the reaction. A molecular mechanism which is in consistent with various experiments is proposed.

    These studies show that density functional theory is a powerful tool for studying the photocatalytic reaction. Apparently, more work needs to be done in orderto improve the performance of the existing materials and to design new ones thatcan take advantage of the solar light more efficiently

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. xii, 70 p.
TRITA-BIO-Report, ISSN 1654-2312 ; 2014:10
TiO2, First-principles, photocatalysis
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145146 (URN)978-91-7595-176-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-06-10, FA32, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)

QC 20140522

Available from: 2014-05-22 Created: 2014-05-12 Last updated: 2014-05-22Bibliographically approved

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