Elusive targets: Methodological considerations for cities' climate targets
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Cities’ climate targets are dependent on system boundaries and methods of calculations. This article identify, explore and present an overview of methodological considerations of importance in order to facilitate understanding, comparing and setting targets for green house gas emissions and energy use in cities. A survey on how eight European cities set their climate targets is presented. A framework of methodological considerations that are of importance when setting targets for cities is presented. A review of existing GHG accounting protocols, three major sustainable city frameworks and a selection of scientific papers reporting on accounting methodologies was used as a basis for developing the methodological considerations. Four main categories were identified, temporal scope, object for target setting, unit of target, and range of target. For each category there is an in-depth discussion of them in relation to targets for cities. The survey of the European cities showed that there is quite a little awareness of what is, or could be, included in the targets. This makes comparison and benchmarking almost impossible today. It also shows the need for comprehensive and consistent accounting protocols and methodologies.
climate, greenhouse gases, city, urban, targets
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-94148OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-94148DiVA: diva2:525522
QS 20122012-05-082012-05-082014-03-31Bibliographically approved