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Computational chemical investigation of factors affecting the reactivity of the hetero Diels-Alder reaction
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE).
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Beräkningskemisk undersökning av faktorer som påverkar reaktiviteten för hetero Diels-Alder-reaktionen (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Recent research has shown that small hydrogen bonding catalysts can catalyze the hetero Diels-Alder reaction. In this thesis such hydrogen bonding catalysts in conjunction with varying functional groups and their effect on the hetero Diels-Alder reaction have been investigated. The influence of the different solvents has been investigated as well. The activation barriers for the different region- and stereo isomeric pathways have been compared in order to determine the stereo specificity of the reactions. These calculations have been done using the B3LYP functional for the geometry optimizations and then M06-2X for single point calculations. For the solvated cases the cPCM model and the M06-2X functional were used. It was shown that for the catalyzed systems bulkier groups in the endo position tend to have a lower activation barrier, allowing for control over the stereoselectivity. Electron withdrawing groups have an activating effect and are also synergistic with the hydrogen bonding catalysts. The solvent with the lowest dielectric constant gave the lowest activation barrier.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
computational chemistry, hetero Diels-Alder, functional groups, hydrogen bonding catalyst, density functional theory
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-94476OAI: diva2:525899
Subject / course
Physical Chemistry
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Chemical Science and Engineering
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Available from: 2012-05-09 Created: 2012-05-09 Last updated: 2012-05-09Bibliographically approved

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