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Role of the Triiodide/Iodide Redox Couple in Dye Regeneration in p-Type Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
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2012 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 28, no 15, 6485-6493 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A series of perylene dyes with different optical and electronic properties have been used as photosensitizers in NiO-based p-type dye-sensitized solar cells. A key target is to develop dyes that absorb light in the red to near-infrared region of the solar spectrum in order to match photoanodes optically in tandem devices; however, the photocurrent produced was found to decrease dramatically as the absorption maxima of the dye used was varied from 517 to 565 nm and varied strongly with the electrolyte solvent (acetonitrile, propionitrile, or propylene carbonate). To determine the limitations of the energy properties of the dye molecules and to provide guidelines for future sensitizer design, we have determined the redox potentials of the duodide radical intermediate involved in the charge-transfer reactions in different solvents using photomodulated voltammetry. E degrees(I-3(-)/I-2(center dot-)) (V vs Fe(Cp)(2)(+/0)) = -0.64 for propylene carbonate, -0.82 for acetonitrile, and -0.87 for propionitrile. Inefficient regeneration of the sensitizer appears to be the efficiency-limiting step in the device, and the values presented here will be used to design more efficient dyes, with more cathodic reduction potentials, for photocathodes in tandem dye-sensitized solar cells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 28, no 15, 6485-6493 p.
Keyword [en]
Acetonitrile, Charge transfer, Electronic properties, Field emission cathodes, Organic solvents, Photosensitizers, Reaction intermediates, Redox reactions, Solar cells
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-95095DOI: 10.1021/la300215qISI: 000302852200035Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84859900474OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-95095DiVA: diva2:526947
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Note
QC 20120515Available from: 2012-05-15 Created: 2012-05-14 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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