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Comparison between CFD calculations of the flow in a rotating disk cell and the Cochran/Levich equations
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Applied Electrochemistry.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Applied Electrochemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5816-2924
2012 (English)In: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 1572-6657, Vol. 669, 55-66 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Three CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) models (single-phase. VOF and Euler-Euler) are employed to simulate the flow in a finite, rotating electrode cell under different operative conditions. The main dimensionless groups are derived and their effect on the flow is investigated. Except very close to the rotating electrode (i.e. in the hydrodynamic layer), the results show a flow pattern considerably different from Cochran's approximate analytical solution often used in electrochemistry. Historically, the Cochran equation was used to derive the Levich equation, which permits the calculation of the limiting current density on a rotating electrode. Despite the general inadequacy of Cochran's analytical solution, however, we show that the Levich equation often retains its validity because, in many practical situations, the concentration boundary layer is considerably smaller than the hydrodynamic boundary layer. When bubbles are generated on the electrode and a certain critical void fraction is exceeded, however, the Levich equation also becomes inaccurate. We propose, therefore, an amended version of this equation, which provides results closer to the CFD calculations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 669, 55-66 p.
Keyword [en]
Electrochemical cell, CFD, Rotating disk electrode, Levich equation
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-95268DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2012.01.024ISI: 000303276700009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84857248004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-95268DiVA: diva2:527493
Note

QC 20120521

Available from: 2012-05-21 Created: 2012-05-21 Last updated: 2012-12-18Bibliographically approved

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Cornell, Ann

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