Process-related mechanical degradation of the wood component in high-wood-content wood-plastic composites
2012 (English)In: Wood and Fiber Science, ISSN 0735-6161, Vol. 44, no 2, 145-154 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Micromorphological studies of wood plastic composites (WPC) are crucial for deeper understanding of their physical, mechanical, and durability properties. The objective of this study was to examine process-related mechanical degradation of the wood component in an extruded high-wood-content WPC. WPC with approximate to 70% wood content and three distinctly different ground wood components were manufactured by a conical extrusion technology, ie WPC were prepared with an unmodified, acetylated, or thermally modified wood component. Size and shape of wood components were determined before and after the extrusion process. Micromorphology of WPC samples was studied using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a surface preparation technique based on UV laser ablation. This micromachining technique was also applied to prepare that specimens for micromechanical analysis using a tensile stage mounted in a SEM. Results show that extrusion processes cause a significant mechanical degradation of the wood component. Degradation was most pronounced for the thermally modified wood component, and interestingly, this resulted in a more homogenous WPC micromorphology compared with WPC with unmodified and acetylated wood components. WPC with thermally modified wood also exhibited the highest micromechanical strength.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 44, no 2, 145-154 p.
WPC, particle size, micromorphology, acetylated wood, thermally modified wood, mechanical degradation
Composite Science and Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-95266ISI: 000303231800004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84859513136OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-95266DiVA: diva2:527501
QC 201506302012-05-212012-05-212015-06-30Bibliographically approved