Impact of electrochemical cycling on the tensile properties of carbon fibres for structural lithium-ion composite batteries
2012 (English)In: Composites Science And Technology, ISSN 0266-3538, Vol. 72, no 7, 792-798 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Carbon fibres are particularly well suited for use in a multifunctional lightweight design of a structural composite material able to store energy as a lithium-ion battery. The fibres will in this case act as both a high performance structural reinforcement and one of the battery electrodes. However, the electrochemical cycling consists of insertions and extractions of lithium ions in the microstructure of carbon fibres and its impact on the mechanical performance is unknown. This study investigates the changes in the tensile properties of carbon fibres after they have been subjected to a number of electrochemical cycles. Consistent carbon fibre specimens were manufactured with polyacrylonitrile-based carbon fibres. Sized T800H and desized IMS65 were selected for their mechanical properties and electrochemical capacities. At the first lithiation the ultimate tensile strength of the fibres was reduced of about 20% but after the first delithiation some strength was recovered. The losses and recoveries of strength remained unchanged with the number of cycles as long as the cell capacity remained reversible. Losses in the cell capacity after 1000 cycles were measured together with smaller losses in the tensile strength of the lithiated fibres. These results show that electrochemical cycling does not degrade the tensile properties which seem to depend on the amount of lithium ions inserted and extracted. Both fibre grades exhibited the same trends of results. The tensile stiffness was not affected by the cycling. Field emission scanning electron microscope images taken after electrochemical cycling did not show any obvious damage of the outer surface of the fibres.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 72, no 7, 792-798 p.
Carbon fibres, Hybrid composites, Strength, Mechanical properties, Electrochemical cycling
Other Engineering and Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-95102DOI: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2012.02.006ISI: 000302987800005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84858793641OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-95102DiVA: diva2:527738
FunderSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research StandUpTrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
QC 201205222012-05-222012-05-142015-05-22Bibliographically approved