Accuracy of staircase approximations in finite-difference methods for wave propagation
2014 (English)In: Numerische Mathematik, ISSN 0029-599X, E-ISSN 0945-3245, Vol. 128, no 4, 741-771 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
While a number of increasingly sophisticated numerical methods have been developed for time-dependent problems in electromagnetics, the Yee scheme is still widely used in the applied fields, mainly due to its simplicity and computational efficiency. A fundamental drawback of the method is the use of staircase boundary approximations, giving inconsistent results. Usually experience of numerical experiments provides guidance of the impact of these errors on the final simulation result. In this paper, we derive exact discrete solutions to the Yee scheme close to the staircase approximated boundary, enabling a detailed theoretical study of the amplitude, phase and frequency errors created. Furthermore, we show how evanescent waves of amplitude occur along the boundary. These characterize the inconsistencies observed in electromagnetic simulations and the locality of the waves explain why, in practice, the Yee scheme works as well as it does. The analysis is supported by detailed proofs and numerical examples.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 128, no 4, 741-771 p.
FDTD, Yee, Staircasing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-95502DOI: 10.1007/s00211-014-0625-1ISI: 000344752100005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-95502DiVA: diva2:528685
FunderSwedish e‐Science Research Center
Updated from manuscript to article in journal.2012-05-282012-05-282014-12-12Bibliographically approved