Antioxidant activity in aluminium oxide - Poly(ethylene-co-butyl acrylate) nanocomposites
2012 (English)In: Polymer degradation and stability, ISSN 0141-3910, E-ISSN 1873-2321, Vol. 97, no 6, 1017-1025 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The antioxidant activity of Irganox 1010 (0.2 wt%) in aluminium oxide (2-12 wt%) - poly(ethylene-co-butyl acrylate) nanocomposites was studied. The aluminium oxide nanoparticles were in three different forms: uncoated and coated with either octyltriethoxysilane or aminopropyltriethoxysilane. The activity of the stabilizer in the nanocomposites was assessed by determining the oxidation induction time (OIT) using DSC. Composites with untreated aluminium oxide nanoparticles showed a much shorter OIT than the pristine polymer with the same overall antioxidant concentration indicating adsorption of the antioxidant onto the nanoparticle surfaces. The adsorption of antioxidant onto both uncoated and coated nanoparticles was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Composites containing coated nanoparticle fillers showed a significantly smaller depression of the OIT, indicating that the replacement of hydroxyl groups with organic silane tails decreased the concentration of available adsorption sites on the particle surfaces. Composites with a filler coated with a silane having terminal aliphatic amine groups showed an increased OIT with respect to that of the pristine polymer suggesting a synergistic on the stability effect between the antioxidant and the amine groups. The long-term activity of the stabilizer was assessed by measuring the OIT on samples after ageing in air at 90Â°C for 720 h. The decrease in OIT with increasing ageing time of the nanocomposites was slower than for the unfilled polymer. A possible interpretation of these data is that the antioxidant was slowly released from the adsorption sites on extended ageing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 97, no 6, 1017-1025 p.
Aluminium oxide, Antioxidant, Irganox 1010, Nanocomposites, Poly(ethylene-co-butyl acrylate)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-96187DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2012.03.012ISI: 000304641300025ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84860385648OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-96187DiVA: diva2:529857
FunderSwedish Research Council, 621-2007-5095
QC 201205312012-05-312012-05-312012-11-09Bibliographically approved