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Alternativa upplåtelseformer: – En studie av komplement till hyresrätten för att dämpa bostadsbristen
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

En väl fungerande bostadsmarknad är avgörande för ett samhälles utveckling och välfärd. Den stora bostadsbristen i Stockholm, och då särskilt bristen på hyresrätter, har därför länge varit ett omdiskuterat problem. Nästan samtliga av Stockholms kommuner uppgav år 2011 att det råder brist på hyresrätter, ett resultat av minskat byggande i kombination med en hög grad ombildningar till bostadsrätter. Följdproblemen visar sig bland annat i form av svarta marknader för hyreskontrakt, långa kötider samt svårigheter för ungdomar att göra entré på bostadsmarknaden.

Denna uppsats fokuserar på alternativa upplåtelseformer och deras möjlighet att komplettera hyresrätten på Stockholms bostadsmarknad, samt deras inverkan på de problem som följer med bristen på hyresrätter. De alternativa upplåtelseformer som studeras närmare är kooperativ hyresrätt samt den nya formen andelsägarlägenhet. Intervjuer har genomförts med aktörer inom respektive upplåtelseform, vilka ligger till grund för presentation och diskussion av formerna samt för en jämförelse med hyresrätten.

Det kan konstateras att varken kooperativ hyresrätt eller andelsägarlägenhet kan utgöra något perfekt komplement till hyresrätten. Utifrån en alternativ tolkning, att någon av upplåtelseformerna kan komplettera hyresrätten genom att uppfylla en funktion vilken kan efterfrågas bland befintliga hyresgäster, utgör de båda emellertid ett visst komplement genom att kunna bidra till en mer effektiv flyttkedja på bostadsmarknaden. Då formerna endast bedöms kunna leda till en lägre grad av nybyggnation, antas deras inverkan på hyresrättsbristens följdproblem vara relativt liten.

Abstract [en]

A well-functioning housing market is critical to a society's development and welfare. The major housing shortage in Stockholm, and in particular the leasehold shortage, has therefore been a controversial issue for long time. Almost every of Stockholm's municipalities stated in 2011 that they were experiencing a leasehold deficit, a result of reduced construction combined with a high degree of remodeling to condominiums. The problems that follow are seen in form of the illegal trading of lease contracts, long waiting times for apartments together with difficulties for young people to enter the housing market.

This paper focuses on alternative forms of tenure and their ability to complement the leasehold form on the Stockholm housing market, as well as their impact on the problems resulting from the leasehold shortage. The alternative forms of tenure studied are the cooperative leasehold form and the new form shareowner tenure. Interviews with participants from each tenure form were held, which constitutes the basis for presentation and discussion of the forms and for a comparison with the leasehold form.

It is found that neither the cooperative leasehold form nor the shareowner tenure may constitute a perfect complement to the leasehold form. Based on an alternative interpretation, that any of the tenure forms can complement the leasehold form by fulfilling a function which could be requested from some tenants, they both constitute a certain complement by contributing to a more effective movement in the housing market. Since the forms are only expected to result in a minor level of new construction, their impact on the leasehold deficit is assumed to be relatively insignificant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 70 p.
Keyword [en]
Forms of tenure, Leasehold form, Cooperative leasehold form, Shareowner tenure, Housing shortage
Keyword [sv]
Upplåtelseformer, Hyresrätt, Kooperativ hyresrätt, Andelsägarlägenhet, Bostadsbrist
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-96305OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-96305DiVA: diva2:530293
Subject / course
Building and Real Estate Economics
Educational program
Bachelor of Science - Real Estate and Finance
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-08-20 Created: 2012-06-01 Last updated: 2012-08-20Bibliographically approved

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