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Evaluation of a HER2-targeting affibody molecule combining an N-terminal HEHEHE-tag with a GGGC chelator for Tc-99m-labelling at the C terminus
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Molecular Biotechnology (closed 20130101).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5192-7362
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Molecular Biotechnology (closed 20130101).
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2012 (English)In: Tumor Biology, ISSN 1010-4283, E-ISSN 1423-0380, Vol. 33, no 3, 641-651 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Affibody molecules are a class of small (ca.7 kDa) robust scaffold proteins with high potential as tracers for radionuclide molecular imaging in vivo. Incorporation of a cysteine-containing peptide-based chelator at the C terminus provides an opportunity for stable labelling with the radionuclide Tc-99m. The use of a GGGC chelator at the C terminus has provided the lowest renal radioactivity retention of the previously investigated peptide-based chelators. Previously, it has also been demonstrated that replacement of the His(6)-tag with the negatively charged histidine-glutamate-histidine-glutamate-histidine-glutamate (HEHEHE)-tag permits purification of affibody molecules by immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) and provides low hepatic accumulation of radioactivity of conjugates site-specifically labelled at the C terminus using several different nuclides. We hypothesized that the combination of a HEHEHE-tag at the N terminus and a GGGC chelator at the C terminus of an affibody molecule would be a favourable format permitting IMAC purification and providing low uptake in excretory organs. To investigate this hypothesis, a (HE)(3)-Z(HER2:342)-GGGC affibody molecule was generated. It could be efficiently purified by IMAC and stably labelled with Tc-99m. Tc-99m-(HE)(3)-Z(HER2:342)-GGGC preserved specific binding to HER2-expressing cells. In NMRI mice, hepatic uptake of Tc-99m-(HE)(3)-Z(HER2:342)-GGGC was lower than the uptake of the control affibody molecules, Tc-99m-Z(HER2:2395)-VDC and Tc-99m-Z(HER2:342)-GGGC. At 1 and 4 h after injection, the renal uptake of Tc-99m-(HE)(3)-Z(HER2:342)-GGGC was 2-3-fold lower than uptake of Tc-99m-Z(HER2:2395)-VDC, but it was substantially higher than uptake of Tc-99m-Z(HER2:342)-GGGC. Further investigation indicated that a fraction of Tc-99m was chelated by the HEHEHE-tag which caused a higher accumulation of radioactivity in the kidneys. Thus, a combination of a HEHEHE-tag and the GGGC chelator in targeting scaffold proteins was found to be undesirable in the case of Tc-99m labelling due to a partial loss of site-specificity of nuclide chelation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2012. Vol. 33, no 3, 641-651 p.
Keyword [en]
Affibody molecules, Radionuclide molecular imaging, Technetium-99m, HEHEHE-tag, GGGC chelator, Biodistribution
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-96436DOI: 10.1007/s13277-011-0305-zISI: 000303530200008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84863581172OAI: diva2:531395
Swedish Research Council

QC 20120607

Available from: 2012-06-07 Created: 2012-06-04 Last updated: 2016-02-26Bibliographically approved

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Lindberg, HannaHofström, CamillaWållberg, HelenaStåhl, StefanGräslund, Torbjörn
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Molecular Biotechnology (closed 20130101)
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