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Critical re-investigation of the alditol acetate method for analysis of substituent distribution in methyl cellulose
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymeric Materials.
2012 (English)In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 19, no 3, 993-1004 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The alditol acetate method is a common procedure for sugar analysis, also applied to determine the substituent distribution in monomer units of polysaccharide ethers like methyl cellulose by gas liquid chromatography. Consisting of several preparation and work-up steps this procedure is both time consuming and prone to side reactions that promote discrimination of single constituents, especially when no peralkylation step is performed prior to hydrolysis. As a consequence results scatter in dependence on individual treatment and conditions. In the context of this work these critical points were overcome by strict but simplified work-up procedures and using acid instead of alkaline catalyzed acetylation. Under the acidic conditions the tedious removal of borate is no longer necessary and a reduced time requirement was achieved as well as good reproducibility. Comparison with independent reference methods excluded a systematic error of the method and confirmed the results obtained. Without peralkylation, i.e. in the presence of free hydroxyl groups, another fast modification of the method using DMSO as solvent, no removal of borate, and 1-methylimidazole as catalyst for acetylation was found to produce a systematic error.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 19, no 3, 993-1004 p.
Keyword [en]
Alditol acetate method, Monomer analysis, Methyl cellulose, Substituent distribution, Gas liquid chromatography
National Category
Polymer Technologies
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-96433DOI: 10.1007/s10570-012-9663-yISI: 000303459200038ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84860361719OAI: diva2:531400
QC 20120607Available from: 2012-06-07 Created: 2012-06-04 Last updated: 2012-06-07Bibliographically approved

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