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Structural, electronic and thermodynamic properties of Al- and Si-doped α-, γ-, and β-MgH2: Density functional and hybrid density functional calculations
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.
2012 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, Vol. 37, no 11, 9112-9122 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this work, we present a detailed study of Al- and Si-doped α-, γ-, and β-MgH 2 phases using the gradient corrected density functional GGA-PBE and the hybrid Hartree-Fock density functionals PBE0 and HSE06 within the framework of generalized Kohn-Sham density functional theory (DFT) using a plane-wave basis set. We investigate the structural, electronic, and thermodynamical properties of these compounds with regard to their hydrogen storage effectiveness. PBE0 and HSE06 predict cell parameters and bond lengths that are in good agreement with the GGA-PBE calculations and previously known experimental results. As expected smaller band gaps (E gs) are predicted by GGA-PBE for the pure magnesium hydride phases. PBE0 overcomes the deficiencies of DFT in treating these materials better than HSE06 and yields E gs that compare even better with previous GW calculations. Both the hybrid functionals increase the E gs of the Al-doped magnesium hydrides by much less magnitudes than of the Si-doped phases. This difference is interpreted in terms of charge density distributions. Best H 2 adsorption energies (ΔH ads) are computed by HSE06 while GGA-PBE significantly overestimates them. Si-doped α- and β-MgH 2 exhibited the least negative ΔH ads in close proximity to the H 2 binding energy range of -0.21 to -0.41 eV ideal for practical H 2 storage transportation applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 37, no 11, 9112-9122 p.
Keyword [en]
Density of states, Hybrid density functionals, Hydrogen storage, Magnesium hydride
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-96176DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.03.038ISI: 000304976300021ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84861094299OAI: diva2:532333
QC 20120611Available from: 2012-06-11 Created: 2012-05-31 Last updated: 2012-07-02Bibliographically approved

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Ahuja, Rajeev
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