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Optimization of Ground Source Cooling Combined with Free Cooling for Protected Sites
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Ground source cooling is commonly used for cooling of electronics in protected sites. Sometimes the boreholes are combined with free cooling from the air using a dry cooler to reduce the amount and length of the boreholes, which is the biggest part of the costs. The dry cooler can have two different running modes. In unloading mode the dry cooler is started at a certain temperature and the fans are slowed down at low temperatures so that the cooling power never exceeds the cooling demand. The extracted cooling is used to unload the boreholes. In recharging mode the dry cooler is started at a certain temperature and is operating at full capacity below this temperature. The excess cooling that is extracted in this mode is used to recharge the boreholes.

The numerical simulation tool COMSOL Multiphysics was used to evaluate the borehole performance. The software can simulate tilted boreholes with good accuracy and makes it possible to adjust the geometry in any desired way.

In this thesis, the performance of a 100 kW ground source cooling system is evaluated for a number of cases both with and without dry coolers in different running modes and sizes. The best solution in respect to life cycle cost, technical feasibility and environmental impact is chosen to be an unloading case with a dry cooler with 100 kW capacity at 8 °C. Using only boreholes gives less carbon dioxide emissions but much higher costs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 62 p.
Keyword [en]
Cooling, Borehole, Ground Source, Free Cooling
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-98657OAI: diva2:538231
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Mechanical Engineering
Available from: 2012-07-30 Created: 2012-06-29 Last updated: 2012-07-30Bibliographically approved

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