Nanotoxicity of Gold and Gold-Cobalt Nanoalloy
2012 (English)In: Chemical Research in Toxicology, ISSN 0893-228X, E-ISSN 1520-5010, Vol. 25, no 5, 1086-1098 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nanotoxicology test of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) and gold-cobalt (Au-Co) nanoalloy is an important step in their safety evaluation for biomedical applications. The Au and Au-Co NPs were prepared by reducing the metal ions using sodium borohydride (NaBH4) in the presence of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) as a capping material. The average size and shape of the nanoparticles (NPs) were characterized using high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Cobalt presence in the nanoalloy was confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis, and the magnetic properties of these particles were determined using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The Gold and gold-cobalt NPs of average size 15 +/- 1.5 nm were administered orally to mice with a dose of 80, 160, and 320 mg/kg per body weight (bw) using gavages. Samples were collected after 7 and 14 days of the treatment. The results indicated that the Au-Co NPs were able to induce significant alteration in the tumor-initiating genes associated with an increase of micronuclei (MNs) formation and generation of DNA adduct (8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine, 8-OHdG) as well as a reduction in the glutathione peroxidase activity. This action of Au-Co NPs was observed using 160 and 320 mg/kg bw at both time intervals. However, Au NPs had much lower effects than Au-Co NPs on alteration in the tumor-initiating genes, frequency of MNs, and generation of 8-0HdG as well as glutathione peroxidase activity except with the highest dose of Au NPs. This study suggests that the potential to cause in vivo genetic and antioxidant enzyme alterations due to the treatment by Au-Co nanoalloy may be attributed to the increase in oxidative stress in mice.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 25, no 5, 1086-1098 p.
In-Vitro, Mammalian-Cells, Nanoparticles, Toxicity, Size, Dna, Cytotoxicity, Antioxidants, Mechanisms, Expression
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-98948DOI: 10.1021/tx300053hISI: 000304235000012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84861328702OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-98948DiVA: diva2:540549
QC 201207102012-07-102012-07-052012-09-12Bibliographically approved