On-track test of tilt control strategies for less motion sickness on tilting trains
2012 (English)In: Vehicle System Dynamics, ISSN 0042-3114, Vol. 50, no 7, 1103-1120 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Carbody tilting is today a mature and inexpensive technology that permits higher train speeds in horizontal curves, thus shortening travel time. However, tilting trains run a greater risk of causing motion sickness than non-tilting ones. It is likely that the difference in motions between the two train types contributes to the observed difference in risk of motion sickness. Decreasing the risk of motion sickness has until now been equal to increasing the discomfort related to quasi-static lateral acceleration. But, there is a difference in time perception between discomfort caused by quasi-static quantities and motion sickness, which opens up for new solutions. One proposed strategy is to let the local track conditions influence the tilt and give each curve its own optimised tilt angle. This is made possible by new tilt algorithms, storing track data and using a positioning system to select the appropriate data. The present paper reports from on-track tests involving more than 100 test subjects onboard a tilting train. A technical approach is taken evaluating the effectiveness of the new tilt algorithms and the different requirements on quasi-static lateral acceleration and lateral jerk in relative terms. The evaluation verifies that the rms values important for motion sickness can be influenced without changing the requirements on quasi-static lateral acceleration and lateral jerk. The evaluation shows that reduced quantities of motions assumed to have a relation to motion sickness also lead to a reduction in experienced motion sickness. However, a limitation of applicability is found as the lowest risk of motion sickness was not recorded for the test case with motions closest to those of a non-tilting train. An optimal level of tilt, different from no tilt at all, is obtained. This non-linear relation has been observed by other researchers in laboratory tests.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 50, no 7, 1103-1120 p.
tilting trains, active tilt, motion sickness, ride comfort, on-track test
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-99115DOI: 10.1080/00423114.2012.656656ISI: 000305514000005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84862856254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-99115DiVA: diva2:541328
FunderTrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
QC 201207172012-07-172012-07-132013-04-10Bibliographically approved